30.11.10

 
Compadrio

Analisando as contratacoes mensais das empresas publicas em Portugal desde 1980, verifico que estas aumentam significativamente nos meses imediatamente antes e imediatamente depois das eleicoes legislativas. No segundo caso, o aumento so se verifica quando o novo governo e' de cor politica diferente do antecessor (PS para PSD ou vice-versa). Sao resultados no minimo pouco abonatorios para a qualidade da gestao publica, em particular em termos da sua permeabilidade em relacao a interesses politicos.

O trabalho chama-se "Cronyism" e esta' disponivel como IZA Discussion Paper 5349.

O resumo, em ingles, e':

Politicians can use the public sector to give jobs to cronies, at the expense of the efficiency of those organisations and general welfare. Motivated by a simple model of cronyism that predicts spikes in appointments to state-owned firms near elections, we regress 1980-2008 monthly hirings across all state-owned Portuguese firms on the country’s political cycle. In most specifications, we also consider private-sector firms as a control group. Consistent with the model, we find that public-sector appointments increase significantly over the months just before a new government takes office. Hirings also increase considerably just after elections but only if the new government is of a different political colour than its predecessor. These results also hold when conducting the analysis separately at different industries and most job levels, including less skilled positions. We find our evidence to be consistent with cronyism and politically-induced misallocation of public resources.

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