Que valor acrescentado da contratação coletiva?
Resumo do original: How much value does collective bargaining add to the working conditions already established in general labour law? In this paper we propose a methodology to address this question: we compare the specific contents of collective agreements (except minimum wages) to their equivalent norms set by base law. We illustrate this approach by analysing in detail about 400 norms from six collective agreements in Portugal and then comparing them to the country’s Labour Code. We find that as many as 62% of those collective bargaining norms are exactly or virtually equal to the Labour Code; only 25% (an average of 16 norms per convention) are more favourable for the worker; and 12% (8) are more favourable for the employer. We conclude that collective bargaining in Portugal has a relatively small role as a source of effective labour law. We also present several potential explanations for our findings, including the wide range of base law, which may reduce the negotiating space of bargaining.
Bruno Aguiar: penso que essa motivacao baseada na seguranca tambem se aplica ao caso de Portugal embora outros fatores poderao tambem ser relevantes como discutimos no estudo
Miguel Madeira: o estudo sugere precisamente que a terem um efeito significativo as convencoes terao que ter um impacto grande nos salarios minimos - nas restantes materias, que em geral correspondem a grande parte do texto da convencao, o impacto sera relativamente pequeno